Affixes are the morphemes, half-words, or words added to any root word, stem, or phrase. When affixes are added to a base-word, inflected or derived word forms are formed, or even new words are evolved. Such derived words may often be of different word-class from the original word. Linguistically, words of one part of speech or lexical category change into words of another. The words thus formed have modified meaning, or evolve into new words altogether. Affixes are mainly of 3 types – Prefixes, Suffixes, and Infixes. Prefixes are the affixes added at the beginning of a root-word. Suffixes are the affixes added at the end of a root-word. But, when the affixes are placed in the middle of the word, then it is called infix.
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